Il The eWAS project, funded by the Ministry of Education, University and Research (Notice for the presentation of industrial research projects and experimental development in the 12 Areas of specialization identified by the PNR 2015-2020), was conceived in order to improve the planning and design related to the necessary programmatic, structural, monitoring and control of historical and artistic artefacts, to reduce existing risk factors and to safeguard from geo-environmental risk causes, starting from the study of 4 areas of intervention: Catania, Villa del Casale – Piazza Armerina (Enna), Megara Hyblea (Syracuse), Calaforno (Ragusa).
Architectural fragility, climate change, hydrogeological and seismic risk all necessitate continuous interventions of restoration and the safeguarding of the precious national heritage.
The project intends to investigate not only the aspects related to the overall geo-dynamic structure of the four areas chosen as test-sites, but also the climatic and micro-climatic aspects of soil protection, representative of hydrogeological phenomena and those related to the influence of human activity.
The research activity, of a multidisciplinary nature, concerns the integrated development of different scientific skills. A key role is realizing a monitoring and control platform, optimized and low cost, which integrates terrestrial and satellite measurement systems with advanced analysis methods for the simultaneous processing of different data (data fusion) and ICT technologies, aimed at the protection and structural safety of the cultural heritage.
eWAS, based on the ‘best available technologies’, is as original as it is innovative: to date there is no multi-parameter sensory system in Italy and above all no widespread EarlyWarning system in a historic-monumental urban centre, for safety and prevention and timely action in case of natural disasters. It represents a turning point in the safeguarding of the cultural heritage.